A Prophet and His Planet A. Muhammad and His Information 1. The Arabian peninsula a. Nomadic Bedouin lived in the desert-protected peninsula for millennia 1.

Stored herds of sheep, goats, and camels two. Organized in loved ones and clan teams 3.

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Great importance of kinship and loyalty to the clan b. Post-classical Arabia, active in extensive-length trade c. An important hyperlink in between India/China and Persia/Byzantium two. Muhammad’s early lifetime a.

Muhammad ibn Abdullah born in a Mecca merchant loved ones, 570 C. E. b.

Hard early lifetime, married a rich widow, Khadija, in 595 c. Turned a merchant at age thirty, uncovered to a variety of faiths .

Muhammad’s spiritual transformation a. At age forty, he experienced visions one. There was only 1 compare and contrast two short stories essay correct god, Allah “the god” 2. Allah would quickly bring judgment on the world 3.

The archangel Gabriel sent these revelations to Muhammad b. Did not intend to identified a new faith, but his information became appealing four. The Quran a. Followers compiled Muhammad’s revelations b. Quran “recitation”, turned the holy book of Islam c. A function of spectacular poetry B. Muhammad’s Migration to Medina one.

Conflict at Mecca a. His teachings offended other believers, primarily the ruling elite of Mecca b. Attacks on greed offended rich retailers c. Assaults on idolatry threatened shrines, specifically the black rock at Ka’ba 2.

The hijra a. Underneath persecution, Muhammad and followers fled to Medina, 622 C. E. b. The go, acknowledged as hijra, was the beginning point of the Islamic calendar 3.

The umma a. Structured a cohesive community named umma in Medina b. Led business experience, from time to time launched raids in opposition to Mecca caravans c. Aided the weak and needy 4. The “seal of the prophets” a. Referred himself as the “seal of the prophets,” – the closing prophet of Allah b. Held Hebrew scriptures and New Testament in significant esteem . Decided to unfold Allah’s wish to all humankind C. The Institution of Islam in Arabia 1. Muhammad’s return to Mecca a. He and his followers conquered Mecca, 630 b. Imposed a governing administration focused to Allah c. Destroyed pagan shrines and crafted mosques two. The Ka’ba a. The Ka’ba shrine was not wrecked b. In 632, Muhammad led the initial Islamic pilgrimage to the Ka’ba 3. The 5 Pillars of Islam a. Obligations taught by Muhammad, identified as the Five Pillars b. The 5 Pillars bound the umma into a cohesive local community of faith 4. Islamic regulation: the sharia a. Emerged during the centuries following Muhammad b. In depth advice on correct behavior in almost each and every aspect of everyday living c. Drew inspiration specially from the Quran d. As a result of the sharia, Islam became far more than a faith, but also a way of everyday living II. The Expansion of Islam A. The Early Caliphs and the Umayyad Dynasty one. The caliph a. On Muhammad’s death, Abu Bakr served as caliph “deputy” b. Turned head of the state, main choose, spiritual leader, army commander two. The enlargement of Islam a. Between 633-637, seized Byzantine Syria, Palestine, and most of Mesopotamia b. rnOur editors will enable you correct any problems and get an A !rnWe will deliver an essay sample to you in two Hrs. If you will need support more rapidly you can always use our tailor made creating support. rnrnNous tenons a remercier particulierement notre Maitre de memoire, Madame Joelle Cernes pour sa precieuse aide dans la building et la realisation de ce projet. Nos remerciements se portent egalement vers l’equipe enseignante:rnAu corps professoral pour la richesse des enseignements et des echanges tout au extended des trois dernieres annees au sein de l’ESG. A Sandrine Chokron et Jean-Christian Mazzoni pour leur energie, sympathie et soutien pendant tout le deroulement de ce memoire. rnL’univers bancaire se caracterise par une multiplicite de risques et toute activite, qu’elle soit commerciale ou industrielle, implique un risque.